Frequently Asked Questions

Our goal

Expect the unexpected.

Our goal is to help you decide whether this kind of trip is right for you. Let's start with the good news: Our trips are great fun. We guarantee that you will see incredible landscapes and meet wonderful people. We can also guarantee you the opportunity to get drenched by rain, baked by the sun and covered by dust, sometimes all on the same day. That's the nature of this kind of travel. This isn't your Carnival Cruise. Our guides are experienced, diligent people but they can't predict what we will encounter on any given day. Bring good gear, patience, and a sense of humor. Read what past travelers have to say at Client Comments.

Is it dangerous?

Yes. Any travel in remote terrain, especially on horseback, river rafting or kayaking on large bodies of water has its inherent physical dangers. We cannot guarantee your safety; we would be irresponsible to do so and you would be naive to believe us. We can assure you that your comfort, safety and the quality of your experience are of paramount importance to us and we bring 20 years experience to every trip we run.

Horses are never totally predictable in their behavior and bad weather and rough terrain can compound safety concerns. Some of the ridings are over very rough, steep ground and conditions can change drastically with the weather. At times we are several days from roads and even farther from hospitals. All wilderness travel is dangerous to some degree and each individual must decide if the rewards of experiencing new lands and cultures are worth the risk. Your trip leaders and wranglers take a conservative approach to riding, rafting, and cycling with safety foremost in their minds but cannot guarantee that accidents won't happen.

What are the trips like?

Mongolia, Tibet, Patagonia Riding Trips: These are wilderness trips, camping out at night in tents, sleeping on the ground, cooking over propane or wood fires. The stream is the bathhouse and the toilets are often a discrete rock or tree. While we make every effort to keep you safe, warm, well fed and comfortable (we have over 20 years of experience outfitting remote adventures like these) there is no escaping the fact that at times you may find yourself cold, hungry and uncomfortable. It is imperative that you speak with a trip leader or our office staff about the rigors of the trip, before signing up.

Some trips have daily vehicle support, others are strictly self-sufficient using pack horses. Like a trip to the Rocky Mountains 200 years ago, there are few roads, no fences and the people live in harmony with the land. For 7-9 days we spend 4-6 hours per day in the saddle walking and trotting with a canter thrown in whenever terrain allows. Refer to our gear list for a list of personal items and equipment you will need. There are plenty of opportunities to photograph, explore, fish or just relax.

Mongolia Overland Trips: In Ulaan Baatar, you'll be staying in a comfortable western style hotel with normal amenities. Outside of "UB", depending on your itinerary you'll either be in a "ger camp" or car camping. For more detailed information, click here. You'll be traveling in a 4wd jeep or van with a local, English speaking guide and a local driver.

Where do we sleep?

Hotels, ger camps, homestays, and camping. On a given trip you may stay in a number of different accommodations. In Mongolia, when ger camps are available we use them, when not we use homestays or vehicle supported camping. In Uruguay, we stay in comfortable hotels and local inns. 
For a more detailed description of hotels, inns, camping, ger camps and homestays: 

When we say hotels we mean modern western style accommodations with private bath, generally on a double occupancy basis. These are generally in the cities of Ulaan Baatar, Montevideo, Beijing and Buenos Aires. We chose hotels for the convenience of their locations, rather than the sumptuousness of their amenities. In Ulaan Baatar, the Bayangol and Khuvsgul Lake hotels are in comfortable walking distance to the city center while the "fancy" hotel is a cab ride from everywhere. Single supplement is available most of the time at hotels.


Ger camps:
These are Mongolia's answer to the motel. While they vary (often year to year) in the quality of and service, all ger camps have the same basic format. You sleep in gers, the felt covered round tents of Mongolia's nomads, which have 2-4 beds, a table, and a wood stove. A hot water thermos is available and sometimes you get tea bags as well. Then there is a bathhouse which always has sinks and showers and sometimes a sauna. Toilets may be incorporated into the bathhouse and flush with varying efficiency. Or toilets may be in a separate building or be of the outhouse variety. Next comes a large kitchen/dining hall, sometimes a newly constructed building, other times a converted structure and often a giant ger like structure. If you are lucky there may be a separate cantina/pool hall/ karaoke bar. If you are unlucky, you may draw a ger too close to said karaoke bar. Security is generally so-so at ger camps. Keep your important papers and camera with you even though you are provided with a padlock to lock the ger. (Many savvy travelers use their luggage padlocks in place of those provided by the management). All in all ger camps are comfortable, relaxed and offer a good break from homestays or camping while traveling cross country. However, they are not yet widely available, except near the hotspots of tourism like Kharhorin, the Gobi and Lake Khovsgol.


If you actually get off the tourist track, you will likely end up camping or "car" camping to be exact. The jeep or truck you travel in will carry the components of comfortable camping; tents, sleeping bags, stoves, foodstuff, water, cooking gear.. and generally a cook. We provide comfortable backpacking style tents, designed for 3-4 people but assigned to just two. Remember that even the best tent won't keep you absolutely dry when the weather is bad and the air very humid condensation can create considerable dampness. We also rent sleeping bags and pads through our UB office. For toilet we dig a latrine or for small groups, simply provide you a shovel, toilet paper and the opportunity to make your contribution to the greening of Mongolia at a distance from camp determined by your personal comfort and aesthetics. Bathing is done with a basin of hot water, prepared by your cook or at an appropriate distance from the nearest lake or stream. When on the road, we often camp near a local family and while sleeping in our own tents, make use of the family's ger as a dining and living room. Your guide will provide the raw materials for dinner or lunch and work with the local family to cook a meal for you and the host family.


Homestays are a special opportunity in Mongolia to really gather some insight into countryside life. They work this way. Prior to your arrival, we arrange with a local family to have you or your group stay for a night or two. It's like camping but you have a big living room, the family's ger to hang out in and eat, talk, drink tea. But a homestay goes beyond the usual tourist formalities. It's only when you are past those formalities when you start to blend into the latticework of the ger, that the family returns to the real activities of daily life. And that's when the opportunities to share and participate arise. We don't plan "activities" during a homestay so be prepared to be on your own initiative for entertainment.. even bored at times. The life of the nomad is actually pretty slow paced where at times all you do is watch the grass grow, or at least think and talk about how the grass is growing, where it is growing, whether it will rain too little or too much, which pastures are good, which are bad, the price of marmot skins and sheep skins and the taste of airag... You get the picture.

Why travel on horseback?

Sharing common interests is the best way to learn about different people and cultures. Love of horses and wilderness is the common thread we share with nomads. It is the intrinsic freedom in their lifestyle, vibrancy in their character and stunning beauty of their environment that prompts us to organize horseback travel among the nomads.

How much riding experience do I need? 

Experienced riders and fit, willing novices go well together on our trips. We fit the horse to the rider's ability and give you lots of leeway in terms of how, when and where you ride. These are not nosed to tail trail rides; you can ride as much or as little as necessary to get to camp at days end. While basic riding experience is helpful, we have been joined by non-riders who either completed a basic riding course prior to the trip or demonstrated previous experience with active, rustic wilderness travel. Riding skill is not as important as attitude. We want to know that you are comfortable around horses and like riding all day. If you meet these criteria and enjoy wilderness camping you will do fine.

What about the horses and tack?

We ride on local stock, small (13 -14 hands), tough, working horses well suited to the terrain. Saddles include traditional Tibetan, Chinese, and Russian cavalry saddles. Here's one of our Mongolian made, Russian cavalry saddles.


How's the weather?

Travel in summer generally means warm weather, though the weather can change from bright sun to thunderstorm and back again several times in a day. We make a point of having raingear ready at all times. We carry roomy tents (2 people in a four-person or three-person tent ) for sleeping and gers are available which comfortably fit the entire group for meals and meeting in bad weather.

What should I prepare for riding?

Preparing for a Horseback Trek (for those who have never ridden, those who have ridden very little or those who have ridden but not for a LONG time)

Traveling on horseback isn't rocket science. We have had many clients who had minimal or zero riding experience enjoy horseback trekking. Regardless of previous experience, anyone with good common sense, reasonable fitness and coordination and (most importantly) a good attitude and sense of humor can enjoy one of our horseback treks.

• For those who have never ridden or ridden very little, we require that you take enough lessons to determine whether you actually enjoy the activity. We will talk to your instructor on the phone so that he/she understands the demands of the trip. We also want to hear from your instructor that you have good safety sense and are not intimidated or afraid of horses. We'll hold your deposit and your place on a trip while you do some riding and if you then decide it's not for you, we'll refund your deposit.

• For those who have ridden a good deal but not recently, we strongly recommend that you get in some saddle time. You'll be more comfortable on the ride with some tune-up of your riding muscles. If you follow the steps below, you'll make the transition your familiar tack to the foreign tack more smoothly.

• Other cultures treat their horses differently than we do. In Mongolia and Tibet particularly, horses are working stock and are not treated like pets. While the wranglers all respect and value horses, they do not give them names or attribute human emotions and thought processes to them. Bring your love of riding, your sense of balance and leave the rest behind, planning to ride like the locals.

Keep these in mind when riding in preparation for a trip.

1) Ride the smallest horses available.

2) Ride English. English saddles are similar in size to Mongolian saddles and will prepare you for the balance needed to stay securely on your horse. If you prepare for your ride in a Western saddle, a much deeper and more secure seat, you will initially feel less secure on the Mongolian saddles.

3) Get comfortable at a trot. In Mongolia and Tibet, we often ride for long stretches at a steady trot. Asian horses are small and it's nearly impossible to post the trot, so learn to stand in their stirrups or simply sit the trot or both.

4) Enjoy the canter. We canter whenever we're comfortable that conditions are suitable.

Helmet or no Helmet:

While we do not require helmets, all levels of the rider should consider riding with a helmet. It is important for each rider to weigh the advantages and disadvantages for themselves. Safety can become an endless quest since any situation can be made "safer" by adding gear and rules. Being an alert but also relaxed rider is the most important element of riding safety.

Is there an age limit?

We have had participants from 14 to 83. All applications are taken on a case by case basis.

What is included in the trip fee?
  • Most accommodations, meals, internal travel (vehicles, gasoline, drivers) horses, and group camping gear are included.
  • Visas, tips and internal and international flights are not included. Please see specific trip itineraries for complete details.
What about Visas?

Virually all nationalities can obtain their visa on arrival at the airport in Ulaan Baatar, Mongolia. For the Tibet rides, you will need to obtain a Chinese visa before departing the US. Argentina, Venezuela, and Romania do not require visas for US citizens.

Do I need to Scan my Passport?

If you are traveling to border regions of Mongolia (Khovsgol, Ulgii) we will need a color scan of your passport face page to obtain border permits. When you send the scan by email to our office, send it also to your web-based email (Gmail, Hotmail, Yahoo) so that you will always have access in the event you should lose your passport. Presenting a scan of your passport to the nearest US Embassy will facilitate the issuance of a temporary passport.

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